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      我國古建筑的擇地之謎的破解之法
      Time:2019-01-07 15:51:55       來源:http://www.592free.com/      

      “擇地在我國古代稱為‘相地’,是修建的榜首要素。”,擇地自春秋戰國時期已開始,兩千五百多年來沿襲成規,傳承不衰。經過觀察研討他發現,不管衙署、古剎或是府第等古修建對此都十分注重,而它們能夠保存至今,成為古代文明的載體和歷史文明的見證,與最初締造者的精心擇地不無關系。

      "Choosing land in ancient China is called"Xiangdi", which is the first element of construction. Since the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, site selection has been carried on for more than 2500 years. After observing and studying, he found that no matter the ancient buildings such as government offices, ancient temples or prefectures, they all pay great attention to this, and they can be preserved to this day, and become the carrier of ancient civilization and witness of historical civilization, which is closely related to the carefully chosen place of the original founders.
      為什么我國人對擇地如此注重?,擇地而建從根本上講契合中華民族“天人合一”的理念。“擇地時通常會考慮三大因素。”他說,首先是有用便利和經濟,其次是自然環境良好,此外還要契合風水學的基本要求,而不同類型的古修建對此又各有偏重。
      Why do Chinese people pay so much attention to the choice of land? It is basically in line with the concept of "harmony between man and nature" of the Chinese nation. "There are usually three factors to consider when choosing a place." He said that the first is useful convenience and economy, followed by a good natural environment, in addition to meeting the basic requirements of geomantic omen, and different types of ancient buildings have their own preferences.
      比方寺觀選址要合適從事宗教活動的需求,或名山大川,或崖腹山峪,或城池鬧市,或村寨一隅。既要避山洪,御狂風,無野獸出沒,又要墻垣圍護,清靜幽雅,合適信徒修煉,便利居士往來。締造時可不受拘謹,就近取材,使寺觀融合于大自然之中令人神往。再如古村落選址考究靠山但不近山,是為了防止泥石流、滑坡等自然災害;要近水但不臨水,是圖日子便利又防止狂風洪水要挾。加之我國地形西北高、東南低,西北風居多,因此不管寺廟仍是民宅擇地也是以北為主,坐北向南者居多。
      園林建筑工程
      For example, the site selection of temples should be suitable for the needs of religious activities, or famous mountains, rivers, cliffs, valleys, or downtown cities, or villages. We should not only avoid mountain torrents, resist strong winds and no wild animals, but also enclose walls, which are quiet and elegant, suitable for believers'practice and convenient for residents' intercourse. When it was created, it was not restrained. It was fascinating that temples and temples were integrated into nature. Another example is that ancient villages are located close to mountains but not near mountains in order to prevent natural disasters such as debris flows and landslides, and close to water but not to water, which is convenient for day and day and to prevent the threat of storms and floods. In addition, the topography of our country is high in the northwest, low in the southeast, and the northwest wind is dominant. Therefore, whether temples or houses are located in the north, most of them are sitting in the north to the south.
      在擇地過程中,我國形成了獨有的風水學文明,比方北京周口店山頂洞人居址,據考古學家研討剖析,當時北京原始人群在周口店選擇住址時已懂得避風、向陽、近水和出入疏通,這就是我國最早的風水學,也是人們選擇寓居地址最基本的條件。
      In the process of choosing the place, China has formed a unique geomantic civilization, such as Beijing Zhoukoudian Hilltop Cave Human Settlement. According to archaeologists'research and analysis, the primitive people in Beijing knew how to shelter from the wind, face the sun, approach the water and access dredging when choosing the place of residence in Zhoukoudian. This is the earliest geomantic omen in China and the most basic condition for people to choose the place of residence.
      不過,流傳至今的我國風水學中仍有許多忌諱令人費解。比方民宅、陵園、皇宮、寺廟和衙署等許多大型古修建組群的南北中軸線皆不設在子午線上,而是略有偏側。修建群中的前院后院、前殿后殿、前門后門等每個修建的中線前后皆不對應,也略有偏側。再如諸多古院子的院門多設在南、東南、東三個方向,以東南為最多,很少在西南和東北方向設門,傳說這兩個方向是忌位,而詳細原因不詳。
      Nevertheless, there are still many taboos in geomantic omen in our country that are puzzling. For example, many large ancient buildings such as houses, cemeteries, palaces, temples and government offices are not located on the meridian, but slightly sideways. The front courtyard and backyard, front hall and rear hall, front door and back door in the construction group do not correspond to the front and back lines of each construction, but also slightly to the side. Again, many ancient courtyard gates are mostly located in the south, southeast and East directions, with southeast as the most, and rarely in the southwest and northeast. Legend has it that these two directions are taboo, but the detailed reasons are unknown.
      我們真誠的為您提供園林建筑工程相關資訊,如果您有更好的建議和想法,歡迎進入我們的網站http://www.sdhuiyun.com進行留言反饋,感謝您的參與!
      We sincerely provide you with information about landscape architecture projects. If you have better suggestions and ideas, welcome to our website http://www.sdhuiyun.com for feedback. Thank you for your participation!

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